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defbitfield

defbitfield

Syntax

Macro: defbitfield name-and-options &body masks

masks ::= [docstring] { (symbol value) }*
name-and-options ::= name | (name &optional (base-type :int))

Arguments and Values

name

The name of the new bitfield type.

docstring

A documentation string, ignored.

base-type

A symbol denoting a foreign type.

symbol

A Lisp symbol.

value

An integer representing a bitmask.

Description

The defbitfield macro is used to define foreign types that map lists of symbols to integer values.

If value is omitted, it will be computed as follows: find the greatest value previously used, including those so computed, with only a single 1-bit in its binary representation (that is, powers of two), and left-shift it by one. This rule guarantees that a computed value cannot clash with previous values, but may clash with future explicitly specified values.

Symbol lists will be automatically converted to values and vice versa when being passed as arguments to or returned from foreign functions, respectively. The same applies to any other situations where an object of a bitfield type is expected.

Types defined with defbitfield canonicalize to base-type which is :int by default.

Examples

  (defbitfield open-flags
    (:rdonly #x0000)
    :wronly               ;#x0001
    :rdwr                 ;…
    :nonblock
    :append
    (:creat  #x0200))
    ;; etc…
   
  CFFI> (foreign-bitfield-symbols 'open-flags #b1101)(:RDONLY :WRONLY :NONBLOCK :APPEND)
   
  CFFI> (foreign-bitfield-value 'open-flags '(:rdwr :creat))
  ⇒ 514   ; #x0202
   
  (defcfun ("open" unix-open) :int
    (path :string)
    (flags open-flags)
    (mode :uint16)) ; unportable
   
  CFFI> (unix-open "/tmp/foo" '(:wronly :creat) #o644)
  ⇒ #<an fd>
   
  ;;; Consider also the following lispier wrapper around open()
  (defun lispier-open (path mode &rest flags)
    (unix-open path flags mode))

See Also

foreign-bitfield-value
foreign-bitfield-symbols


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