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define-foreign-library

Syntax

— Macro: define-foreign-library name-and-options { load-clause }* ⇒ name

name-and-options ::= name | (name &key convention search-path) load-clause ::= (feature library &key convention search-path)

Arguments and Values

name
A symbol.
feature
A feature expression.
library
A library designator.
convention
One of :cdecl (default) or :stdcall
search-path
A path or list of paths where the library will be searched if not found in system-global directories. Paths specified in a load clause take priority over paths specified as library option, with *foreign-library-directories* having lowest priority.

Description

Creates a new library designator called name. The load-clauses describe how to load that designator when passed to load-foreign-library or use-foreign-library.

When trying to load the library name, the relevant function searches the load-clauses in order for the first one where feature evaluates to true. That happens for any of the following situations:

  1. If feature is a symbol present in common-lisp:*features*.
  2. If feature is a list, depending on (first feature), a keyword:
    :and
    All of the feature expressions in (rest feature) are true.
    :or
    At least one of the feature expressions in (rest feature) is true.
    :not
    The feature expression (second feature) is not true.
  3. Finally, if feature is t, this load-clause is picked unconditionally.

Upon finding the first true feature, the library loader then loads the library. The meaning of “library designator” is described in load-foreign-library.

Functions associated to a library defined by define-foreign-library (e.g. through defcfun's :library option, will inherit the library's options. The precedence is as follows:

  1. defcfun/foreign-funcall specific options;
  2. load-clause options;
  3. global library options (the name-and-options argument)

Examples

See Loading foreign libraries.

See Also

close-foreign-library
load-foreign-library