ASIA is ASDF2 Software Installation Assistant. Unlike its competitors, ASIA only installs a project itself without its dependencies. Dependency analysis is done by ASDF2.
ASIA is released under MIT License.
The source code is at git://github.com/dochang/asia.git. It’s a regular ASDF loadable libraries, put it into any directory where ASDF can load it.
ASIA uses a project manifest database to download projects. There is an "official" version at git://github.com/dochang/repo51.git. By default, it should be downloaded at $XDG_DATA_HOME/repo51/ or C:\repo51\.
Of cource, you can create you own version, See [Configuration] for details.
ASIA:SYSDEF-ASIA-SEARCH is the bridge between ASDF & ASIA.
For example, if you want to install hunchentoot:
> (cl:pushnew 'asia:sysdef-asia-search asdf:*system-definition-search-functions*) > (asdf:load-system :hunchentoot)
Then ASIA will install hunchentoot and all its dependencies. After all the projects installed, they are loaded by ASDF.
If you want to install hunchentoot without its dependencies, use:
> (asia:install-project :hunchentoot)
To delete hunchentoot, use:
> (asia:delete-project :hunchentoot)
|This doesn’t delete dependencies.|
ASIA will load the first file found by ASIA:
For Windows, %APPDATA%/common-lisp/config/asia.lisp
Typically, the content of the config file is:
(in-package :asia) (pushnew 'sysdef-asia-search *system-definition-search-functions*)
*PROJECT-MANIFEST* controls where the project manifest is. It must be a pathname. Default value is $XDG_DATA_HOME/repo51/ or ~/.local/share/repo51/ on *nix, and C:\repo51\ on Windows.
*SOURCE-LOCATION* controls where the downloaded projects is. It must be a pathname or NIL (default). NIL means the subdirectory source in *PROJECT-MANIFEST*.
Function SOURCE-LOCATION returns the current location. Do not use this variable directly unless you’re binding it.
*TEMPORARY-DIRECTORY* is used to store temporary files such as the files downloaded by cURL. It must be a pathname. Default value is $TMPDIR or /tmp/ on *nix and C:\Temp\ on Windows.
Currently all the pathnames used in ASIA must not have whitespace characters. That means you can’t use directories like Documents and Settings.
It’s because of Clozure has a "feature" that changes filename to name\\.tar.gz. We have to put all the filenames without the quote character in RUN-SHELL-COMMAND, so that the shell command such as Bash can interpret name\\.tar.gz correctly.
Before we describe the project manifest database, we must introduce some concepts used in ASIA.
In ASIA, a project does not mean its code, but its meta information. A project should be installed into a directory whose name is project-name. A project usually has a system file project-name.asd in its top directory. Currently a project object in ASIA is just its name, all other info can be computed from it.
A string or a symbol except NIL. If it’s a symbol, it represents the downcase form of its symbol-name.
A portable form of pathname from ASDF. You can use pathname specifier to tell ASIA where the system pathname is. A pathname specifier must represent a relative pathname. The function PATHSPEC translates a pathname specifier to a pathname. See ASDF manual 5.3.4 for details.
A list DSL that indicates a pathname from ASDF. The function LOCATION translates a location designator to a pathname. See ASDF manual 7.4 & 8.3 for details.
Although ASIA provides an official database called repo51, you can even use your own database.
The database is like a key-value filesystem database. For example, the url of a project is in the file projects/project-name/url in the directory *PROJECT-MANIFEST*; also, the project name of a system is in the file systems/system-name/project. You can easily get the absolute pathname using (MANIFEST-PATHNAME "projects" project-name "url").
In most cases, the only file you must provide for a project is url. Its value is a url for VCS command or download tool, such as:
ASIA handles the url according to the following patterns:
^(git|git\+ssh|ssh\+git):// | /git(/|$) | \.git/?$ | ^[a-z][a-z0-9+.-]*://git\. | ^([^:/]+@)?git\..+:
^svn:// | /svn(/|$) | ^[a-z][a-z0-9+.-]*://svn\.
/darcs(/|$) | ^[a-z][a-z0-9+.-]*://darcs\. | ^([^:/]+@)?darcs\..+:
CVS url has two parts: cvsroot and module name. ASIA uses a special form like cvsroot#module. If module is omitted, the project name is used, and the sharpsign # is optional. That means, ASIA handles :pserver:cvsroot#module by using cvs -d :pserver:cvsroot co module, and handles :pserver:cvsroot by using cvs -d :pserver:cvsroot co project-name.
If ASIA cannot determine the backend, the url is considered as a local pathname.
Several projects have more than one system files, like cffi and postmodern. Some projects have a system file whose name is different from the project’s name, like cl-sqlite. Some projects have a system file which is not in the toplevel directory. We must let ASIA search asd files in a different way.
To specify the project name of a system, put the name into the file systems/system-name/project in the directory *PROJECT-MANIFEST*, e.g., put cffi into systems/cffi-grovel/project.
To specify the pathname of a system, put the pathname specifier into the file systems/system-name/pathname, e.g., if you want to use the uffi wrapper in cffi, put uffi-compat/uffi.asd into systems/uffi/pathname and put cffi into systems/uffi/project.
Sometimes you want to manually install a project into another place. You can use the file projects/project-name/ignore to make ASIA ignore it. The content can be anything, even empty.
ASIA has ignored many internal projects coming with implementations, such as sb-posix. ASDF & ASIA are also ignored by default.
Sometimes you need a custom installation method. You can use the file projects/project-name/installer.lisp. This file should contain a lambda expression. ASIA reads it as a list, then coerce it to a closure. All the symbols in the closure are in a temporary package which uses the package COMMON-LISP, ASDF and ASIA. When it’s being evaluated, *DEFAULT-PATHNAME-DEFAULTS* is bound to /database-dir/projects/project-name/.
ASIA tries to use installer.lisp first. If it doesn’t exist, then use url. If url doesn’t exist too, ASIA raises an error.
If you want to install a project from a different url and you don’t want to modify the url file temporarily, use the keyword parameter :URL of INSTALL-PROJECT. See the documentation of INSTALL-PROJECT.
Here is a list of all exported symbols from package ASIA, please see their documentations for details:
If you have questions, bug reports, feature requests and patches, send your email to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please visit:
Last updated 2011-01-22 22:16:20 CST